The present COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria has so far spread to 34 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Following the confirmation of the first case in late February, Coronavirus was initially domiciled within three States; Lagos, Ogun and the FCT. However, in less than 3 months, the virus has gained widespread to all geopolitical zones of the country majorly as a result of increased community spread. Among the thirty six states, two states; Cross River and Kogi, are yet to report confirmed cases of coronavirus.
The recent announcement of new Coronavirus cases in Nigeria by the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC) on the 7th of May, brings the total number of confirmed cases of coronavirus to 3526. According to figures from the NCDC’s website, the breakdown of cases according to geopolitical zones include:
- North Central: 364
- North East: 379
- North West: 935
- South West: 1708
- South East: 19
- South South: 121
Interestingly, the South Easterners, a people known for widespread travel diversity within the country have the lowest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases. The South South and North Central zones which both have a State without a confirmed Coronavirus case follow suit as zones with low COVID-19 cases with 121 and 364 cases respectively.
The worst hit zone is the South West. This is because Lagos, from the South West alone has 1,708 cases, a number higher than the individual number of cases from other geopolitical zones. Lagos is the Nation’s commercial hub and plays host to an International airport, seaport and has a land barrier with a neighboring country. These factors could be responsible for the high number of COVID-19 cases in Lagos and subsequently, the South West.
The North West comes second in the zones with high number of coronavirus cases with Kano state recording the highest number of cases with 482 cases. However, when the case fatality rate (CFR) which is a measure of how deadly a disease is within a geographical location at a particular time, for South West and North West was compared, North West had a higher CFR of 3.6% compared to South West which had 2.5%.